10 Naturally Occurring Terpenes Found In Cannabis
With edible marijuana being consumed like candy it’s no surprise that the buzz around terpenes has generated a lot of interest in the cannabis community. Those with a green thumb, or with any knowledge of growing will probably tell you that terpenes are the essential oils found in a plant that is responsible for aromatics and flavor and can be extracted and infused into CBD oils and the best marijuana edibles. With more and more states legalizing marijuana, the production of edibles has increased drastically over the years and the demand for terpenes are at an all-time high (literally). So that begs the question, what exactly is a terpene?
Weed smokers around the nation are becoming more familiar with this household term that is gaining popularity like CBD oils have recently. With so much talk about terpenes, I think we should understand why they play such an important role in flowers and edibles. Terpenes are what give the plant you are smoking its unique smell, and those edibles you are buying the unique “weed flavor” that some of them have. Other edibles are being infused with terpenes from other plants to add fruity flavors and unique combinations of flavors to these products.
There are also medical benefits associated with terpenes that we are just starting to really understand. When one strain of cannabis provides medical treatment and another is not as effective, we can look to the terpene profiles of the strains to gain a better understanding of the role they play when consumed for medicinal purposes. With hundreds, if not thousands, of cannabis terpenes, the possibilities are almost limitless. These are the top 10 most common terpenes found in the cannabis plant.
Top Organic Terpenes
The Limonene terpene is one of the most common terpenes being used today. It can be found in foods, drugs, cosmetics, and detergents. This popular terpene is very aromatic and is being produced at high levels and can be found in many cannabis strains. This herbal compound’s medicinal values are actively being researched. Limonene terpenes offer a unique taste and can enhance the experience in flower, edibles, and full spectrum CBD oils.
Another one of the more popular terpenes is Pinene. It has a very unique flavor profile, is common in cannabis, and carries a unique pine-scented bouquet. This terpene can also be found naturally occurring in pine needles, dill weed, basil leaves, the rosemary plant, and parsley. The two types of Pinene are alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, however, alpha-pinene is most prevalent terpene found in the cannabis plant. Alpha-pinene also happens to be the most naturally occurring terpene found in natural plantation around the globe.
Myrcene is another popular terpene found in cannabis and we are fans of the aromatic terpene. Myrcene can be found in many of the strains being produced around the world. It’s unique flavor profile and aromatics make it a desired terpene among growers. It has a very earthy aromatic to it that has hints of musk that are similar to clove. There are also hints of spice and fruity elements that have been related to grapes.
The Linalool terpene is not necessarily specific to cannabis strains. It has an aromatic characteristic that resembles lavender with a hint of spiciness. The terpene is common and can be found in over 200 types of plants. The terpene is naturally occurring enough in plants that consumers will ingest over two grams of linalool each year through the foods they consume.
The Delta 3 carene terpene is a cannabis terpene that carries a sweet, earthy aroma with undertones of pine similar to Pinene. Delta 3 carene can also be found in rosemary, basil leaves, bell peppers, cedar, and turpentine. The Delta 3 carene terpene is also commonly found in cosmetics, and perfumes, and has is known to be a naturally occurring antihistamine. It is said that this terpene may be the culprit for cotton mouth and the red eyes often associated with cannabis use. Delta 3 carene may also be a reliable source for combating fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, and arthritis. Delta 3 carene may also promote memory retention and increase mental awareness.
Eucalyptol is another terpene frequently found in cannabis. This terpene has a cooling scent that is often found in eucalyptus, rosemary, bay leaves, mint, mugwort, tea, basil leaf, sage, and certain strains of cannabis. Eucalyptol, like Delta 3 Carene, can also be found in cosmetics, lotions, essential oils, balms, and body butter.
Beta-caryophyllene can be found in cannabis among other plants. This terpene profile is naturally occurring in basil, oregano, rosemary, copaiba, clove, black caraway, lavender, and cinnamon. The terpene is known to have anti-inflammatory benefits and through controlled studies, researchers are beginning to understand the benefits these terpenes can have on our health.
The Humulene terpene is naturally occurring in basil, clove, hops, and cannabis sativa. It has aromatic hints of earthy, woody, and spicy herbal notes you might be familiar with from cannabis use. Even though cannabis is commonly associated with the stimulation of one’s appetite, the humulene terpene has been found to suppress hunger.
Borneol a popular perfume making terpenes that can be found in over the counter products. Borneol has a minty, camphor-like aromatic note. Borneol can be found occurring naturally in camphor, ginger, thyme, rosemary, sage, marjoram, and mugwort. It’s also been noted that Borneol has a medicinal value associated with fever reduction.
Terpineol is a monoterpene alcohol, it’s made up of 4 different isomers (alpha, beta, gamma, and terpineol), alpha-terpineol is the most prominent one. Terpineol has been isolated from natural oils such as pine, petitgrain, and cajuput. Although naturally occurring, it is commonly manufactured from the more-readily available alpha-pinene terpenoid. It is a colorless liquid with a pleasant aroma and a sweet, lime flavor. With its naturally enjoyable smell, it’s been used to enhance the fragrance of perfumes and cosmetics. Terpineol is also being used in CBD oil blends and full spectrum products.
The most common terpene found in the cannabis plant is myrcene. Beta-Caryophyllene, humulene, and pinene terpenes have been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects and are commonly infused into CBD oils. With all the potential health benefits of full spectrum extracts, it’s no wonder consumers are preferring them over isolates. In addition to the cannabinoids, the terpenes found in these full spectrum extracts can provide aromatic results that keep consumers coming back for more. For those seeking terpene infused extracts, let the aroma of the product guide you to the most terpene rich products on the market.
If you are in looking for quality terpenes for your edible products or line of CBD oils, we recommend that you check out some of the internet’s best-kept secrets, quality, organic terpene blends are being produced and sold to vendors across the country looking to infuse their edibles and CBD products with the best flavor profiles on the market. Companies like Xtra Laboratories are leading the way with cannabis and fruit-flavored terpene blends.